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2 OTT, M., PREUSSEN, J / Military Manual/ Virtual Book Fair 106

€6,500.00

Description: 5th copy located of a practical military manual from 1534, with special emphasis on artillery

[OTT, Michael, and Jacob PREUSSEN].
Kriegs Ordnung new gemacht.
With a full-page woodcut (10 x 8.5 cm) on the title-page, showing officers meeting outside their tent with a siege in the background (repeated at the beginning of the main text), Blum’s woodcut armorial device below the colophon (shield supported by 2 putti: on a chevron , 3 cinquefoils, tinctures ambiguous), about 21 decorated woodcut initials plus about 43 repeats (2 gothic and 6 roman series?), a vine leaf (Vervliet 8) and a cloverleaf ornament.



(Colophon:) Leipzig, Michael Blum, 1534. Small 8vo (15.5 x 10.5 cm). Contemporary blind-tooled black calf over tapered wooden boards, sewn on 3 double cords, each board in a panel design with a human figure in the centre, rosettes and balls in the inner frame, and various decorations in the outer frame and in the 4 spine compartments, 2 strap fastenings with engraved decoration in the brass clasps and catchplates. The binder used 2 fragments from a manuscript Vulgate Bible in a humanistic hand (one showing Exodus 20:18). With a full-page woodcut (10 x 8.5 cm) on the title-page, showing officers meeting outside their tent with a siege in the background (repeated at the beginning of the main text), Blum’s woodcut armorial device below the colophon (shield supported by 2 putti: on a chevron , 3 cinquefoils, tinctures ambiguous), about 21 decorated woodcut initials plus about 43 repeats (2 gothic and 6 roman series?), a vine leaf (Vervliet 8) and a cloverleaf ornament. [253], [3 blank] pp.

Very rare third or less likely second edition, the first dated edition with the expanded text, of one of the earliest practical military handbooks for modern warfare, first published in 1530. It includes a guide to besieging fortified towns or castles, sample articles for military service and a sample oath, kinds and amounts of supplies and equipment needed for an artillery regiment, including cannons and carriages, a guide to holding council, a guide to the watches, the number of horses needed, information on stocking an armoury, expenses for gun powder and other supplies and much more that would be useful to army officers. The foreground of the beautifully drawn and skilfully executed woodcut shows what appear to be negotiations before the besieging party’s tent, while the background shows cannons facing the besieged city.
The growing use of gunpowder and modern military tactics and strategy in the Renaissance quickly rendered Mediaeval manuals of chivalry obsolete and Michael Ott (1478/79-1532), a Tirolian artillery master in service of the Holy Roman Empire at Innsbruck, Stuttgart and Würtemberg, helped to pioneer the new genre of more practical manuals for modern warfare. Ott is believed to have written it in the 1520s but the first edition known, under the title Kriegsordnung, was published at Augsburg in 1530, in a folio of only 42 leaves. His expanded text may have remained unpublished at his death and appeared posthumously in the present Leipzig edition of 1534, an undated edition published at Simmern around the same time (probably based on the 1530 edition, so perhaps preceding the present) and an 1535 Augsburg edition. The present edition collates A-Q8 = 128 ll. with Q8 blank. Although neither author is named in any edition or surviving manuscript, Jähns’s 1889 identification (based on a 17tyh-century manuscript note by Hiob Ludolf in an undated printed edition) is generally accepted. All early editions are very rare.
With a contemporary(?) owner’s inscription on the title-page; a longer one by Marla Schumann on a flyleaf dated 1653; a later one below it referring to Markgraf Albrecht I's 10 August 1555 manuscript Kriegs-Ordnung, which Jähns says incorporates Michael Ott's text almost verbatum; a pencil inscription on the blank verso of the colophon; and bookplates of Prince Adalbert of Prussia (1811-1873) and the eccentric Mark Dineley (1901-1975) of Wiltshire, owner of the theatrical armorers Bapty & Co Ltd, and with early manuscript marginal notes and occasional underlining. With a few marginal worm holes in the first two and last three leaves, minor stains in the gutter margin throughout, not reaching the text; a minor stain at the head of 6 leaves, slightly affecting the text and generally slightly dirty, but still in good condition. The binding is worn, with the surface of the leather flaked and the head and foot of the spine damaged, but the surface has been stabilized and the binding remains structurally sound. The rosette and ball stamps remain very clear, but the figures in the centre and ornaments in the outer frame are difficult to make out in detail. Rare early edition of one of the first modern military manuals.
Jahns, 1 (1889), pp. 481-495 (the present ed. misdated 1554 on p.483; the authors identified on p. 489); KVK & WorldCat (4 copies); USTC 670236 (3 of the same 4 copies); VD16, O 1452 (same 3 copies); not in Adams; Sloos, Warfare; for Michael Ott: Hella Frühmorgen-Voss, Katalog der deutschsprachigen illustrierten Handschriften, 4, part 2 (2010), pp. 390-401; http://frueheneuzeit.hypotheses.org/date/2013.
  • Number: 1060609 (H6TFT9B574SK)
  • Dealer: Robert Putman