2 Silk wall map /Rhine valley / Virtual Map Fair 106


Description: Large wall map of Rhine valley for war of Austrian succession. Fine copy printed on silk and beautifully coloured

Theatrum Belli Serenissimæ Domus Austriacæ, contra Gallos, ... seu Tabula Geographica Cursus Rheni ... cum Regionibus cis Rhenanis, ... - Neuester Schauplaz des Krieges an dem Ober Rhein und in denen Niederlanden. Oder Lauff des Rheins ...

Augsburg, Matthaeus Seutter, [ca. 1746].
Large engraved wall map (114 x 165 cm) printed on silk from 6 large copper plates (each plate measuring about 57 x 29 cm). With the Latin title in a large decorative cartouche above left (with two figures representing river gods) and the German title in another below left, both with baroque decorations, flags and military attributes. Further with a large decorated compass rose above right (north to the right), two scales below the German title cartouche and scales of latitude and longitude in the border. Coloured by a contemporary hand.

A large theatre of war wall map of the Rhine valley, richly decorated, crisply printed on silk and beautifully coloured by a contemporary hand. It was produced during the War of the Spanish Succession (1740-1748). The title notes the war in the Low Countries, so the map was most likely produced in the period 1745 to 1747, when the war expanded into that region (the Latin title notes that Suetter was geographer to the late Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI, who died in 1740). At a scale of about 1:405,000, the map covers the Rhine River from the Swiss-German border about 50 kilometres west of its source at Lake Constance (the Bodenzee) to its mouths at the North Sea in South Holland, and includes northwest Switzerland, midwest and southwest Germany, northeast France, Belgium, Luxembourg and the southern part of Netherlands, stopping just south of Amsterdam. The entire map covers 46° 34'-52° 24' N latitude and (using a prime meridian through Ferro Island in the Canaries) 20° 23'-27° W longitude (2° 23'-9° by modern reckoning). It shows political boundaries, the fortifications of the cities, topographic features, woods and sand banks.
Johann Friedrich Oettinger (active 1737-1765), military engineer to King Christian VI and/or King Frederick V of Denmark and Norway, published several military maps. This one was published by Seutter (1678-1756) and engraved by his son-in-law Tobias Conrad Lotter (1717-1777). Matthaeus Seutter came from an Augsburg family of goldsmiths and gold workers, including his father and grandfather of the same name. It is tempting to think the map might have been coloured by Bartholomaeus Seuter (1678-1754), an Augsburg faience painter, silk dyer, engraver and supposedly also goldsmith, who worked out of his own house and may have been Matthaeus's cousin. In the 1730s and 1740s Bartholomaeus worked on plates for J.H. Weinmann's botanical works, published in Regensburg and Amsterdam, the latter printed in colour.
A flap of silk has been left on the reverse and given a manuscript title in a contemporary hand (probably to identify the map when folded): "C. a. q. Theatrum belli domus Austriacæ contra Gallos seu Cursus Rheni." It came from the Royal House of Wittelsbach. A splendid theatre of war wall map with decorative cartouches and compass rose, printed on silk and beautifully coloured.
In fine condition, with the colouring fresh and bright.
Seifert, Die Karte als Kunstwerk; Tooley, Dict. of Mapmakers, p. 471; IKAR (3 copies, all apparently on paper).
  • Number: 1060252
  • Dealer: Speculum Orbis Nauticum

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