26 World/ Australia/ California as an Island. HONDIUS, H. 214


Description: A Signature World Map of the Dutch Golden Age
The First State in Full Original Color
World/ Australia/ California as an Island.
[Amsterdam, [1630 [1638]]
Nova Totius Terrarum Orbis Geographica Ac Hydrographica Tabula.

15 x 21 ¼ inches. Fine original color; reinforced at lower centerfold, else excellent.

First state in beautiful original color of one of the defining maps of the Dutch Golden Age of Cartography. Its lush embellishments and use of portraits in the corners served as a model for several world maps to follow. In addition, as Schilder points out, Hondius’ "is the oldest dated map in an atlas on which a Dutch discovery in Australia has been shown cartographically... and is one of the first maps which deviates from Mercator's picture of the world." It was also the first Dutch world map appearing in a standardized atlas to depict California as an island.

The portraits in the map’s corners are of Mercator, Ptolemy, Julius Caesar, and Jodocus Hondius, the father of the mapmaker. Stylized scenes representing the four elements are the other major decorative component. Overall, the map’s rococo decoration was equaled by few of the period.

Geographically, the map reflects the confusion that marked the mapping of the American interior and west at the time. California is depicted as an island, and the Mississippi is shown as a two-pronged river emanating from two lakes. Place-names along the eastern seaboard, however, show evidence of English and Dutch colonies, some of which were launched just a few years before the map was published.

Shirley 336, state 1; Schilder, G. Australia Unveiled, map 39.

Price: $12,500.00
  • Number: 2140007
  • Dealer: Speculum Orbis Nauticum

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