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2 First Aldine edition SALLUSTIUS Crispus, Gaius / 106

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Description: First Aldine edition

SALLUSTIUS Crispus, Gaius.
De coniuratione Catilinae. Eiusdem de bello Iugurthino. Eiusdem oratio contra M.T. Ciceronum. M.T. Ciceronis oratio contra C. Crispum Sallustium. Eiusdem orationes quator contra Lucium Catilinam. Porcii Latronis declamatio contra Lucium Catalinam orationes quaedam ex libris historiarum C. Crispi Sallustii.

Woodcut Aldine printer's device on title and verso of last page.



(Colophon: Venice, Aldus Manutius & Andreas Asulanus (Torresanus) Socer, April 1509). 8vo. 18th-century vellum with title in ink on spine, red painted edges. Woodcut Aldine printer's device on title and verso of last page. [16], 279, [1] pp.

First Aldine edition of some of the writings of the Roman historian Gaius Sallustius Crispus (86 -34 BC). The work is dedicated by Aldus to the Venetian general Bartolomeo Liviano d'Alviano (1455-1515), who distinguished himself in the defence of the Venetian Republic against the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian, dated Venice, April 1509.
The first part, De coniuratione Catalinae on pp. 1-50 is Sallustius' first published work, containing the history of the memorable year 63, in which the conspiracy of the Roman politician Lucius Sergius Catilina (108 BC- 62 BC) against the Roman Republic is foiled. While Sallustius inveighs against Catiline's depraved character and vicious actions, he does not fail to state that the man had many noble traits - indeed all that a Roman man needed to succeed. In particular, Sallustius shows Catilina as deeply courageous in his final battle. This subject gave Sallustius the opportunity of showing off his rhetoric at the expense of the old Roman aristocracy.

The second part on pages 50-147, De bello Jugurthino, is an interesting monograph recording the war in Numida. Its true value lies in the introduction of Marius and Sulla to the Roman political scene and the beginning of their rivalry. Sallustius' time as governor of Africa Nova ought to have let the author develop a solid geographical and ethnographical background to the war, however, this is not evident in the work. Sallustius' priority was to use history as a vehicle for his judgement on the slow decline of Roman morality and politics.
The third and last part on pages 149-279 contain 'Crispi Sallustii in M.T. Ciceronem oratio' (pp. 149-52): an attack on Cicero which is frequently attributed to Sallustius, but is thought by modern scholars to have probably come from the pen of the rhetorician Marcus Porcius Latro, also the supposed author of a counter-invective attributed to Cicero: 'M.T. Ciceronis in Crispum Sallustium oratio' (pp. 152-59), followed by 'M. Tul. Ciceronis contra Catilinam oratio prima-quarto' (pp. 160-214), Porcii Latronis declamation contra Lucium Sergium Catilinam (pp. 215-43), the 'Oratio Lepidi con. ad populum R. ex libris historiarum C. Crispi Sallustii' (pp. 243-47), and the additional texts 'Oratio Philippi in Senatu' (pp. 247-51), 'Oratio C. Cottae consulis ad populum' (pp. 251-3), 'Oratio Marci Tri. Pl. ad plebem' (pp. 253-7), 'Epistola Cn. Pomp. ad Senatu' (pp. 257-8), 'Rex Mithridates regi Arsaci' (pp. 258-61), 'Ad C. Caesarem de Republica ordinanda' (pp. 262-8), and 'Ad C. Caesarem oratio de re publica ordinanda' (pp. 258-79).

Some stains on binding; title and margins of first quire slightly soiled. Fine copy with contemporary ownership's entries on title ('Sono Lapii et amicorum') and some contemporary annotations in ink.
Adams S-139; Ahmanson-Murphy I, 86; Machiels S-67; Renouard p. 57, no.3; STC Italian 599.
  • Number: 1060357 (A63DCGPURW6R)
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