2 Diary St Thomas Christians/ Dutch conquest Malabar Coast 106


Description: Manuscript diary: primary source for the St Thomas Christians on the Malabar Coast
and the conquest of that coast by the Dutch in 1662/63

Racconto del mio viaggio fatto da Roma all'Indie Orientali anno 1656[-1663].
[Rome, India and en route between them], 1656-1663. Squarish small 8vo? (15 x 10.5 cm). Manuscript in brown ink on paper, written in a Latin script. Old laminated paper wrappers.
€ 35,000
Original diary kept by Frater Marcello, one of the Apostolic Commissars sent by Pope Alexander VII to the Malabar coast of southwest India, not principally to convert the infidels, but to promote the union of the ancient Saint Thomas Christians with the Church of Rome. The goal of the mission was a reconciliation of the Saint Thomas Christians of the classical Syriac (Chaldaic) rite, who had rejected their Jesuit archbishop Francis Garcia. The majority had revolted against the archbishop in 1653 and forsaken his authority by taking an oath for the purpose at the foot of a cross situated in Mattancherry, thereafter called the "Coonen Cross". They then appointed their archdeacon archbishop, violating Church polity and effectively seceding from the Roman Church.
The diary is very important for the history of the Saint Thomas Christians on the Malabar coast and the conquest of that coast, especially Cochin, by the Dutch fleet under Rijcklof van Goens as it contains many, undoubtedly new details.
The manuscript has been trimmed close to the text but with no significant loss. It shows occasional ink stains and sometimes slight browning but remains in good condition. An important primary source for relations between Christian, Muslim and Hindu groups on the Malabar coast in the late 1650s and the 1660s.
  • Number: 1010834 (16196)
  • Dealer: Speculum Orbis Nauticum

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