2 EUCHEL, I.A./ Gebete der hochdeutschen polnischen Juden 106


Description: Jewish prayer book in German, especially for Jewish women and gentiles

EUCHEL, Isaac Abraham.
Gebete der hochdeutschen und polnischen Juden. Aus dem Hebräischen übersetzt und mit Anmerkungen versehen.

weite Auflage. Vienna, J.B. Zweck, 1813. Sm.8vo. Original half calf with red title label. (4), 394, (2) pp.

One of the many editions of these Gebete, which are translated from the Hebrew, the chief work of Isaac Euchel, one of the most important German jews of the Enlightenment. The original edition of the Gebete appeared in 1786 in Königsberg (other editions: Vienna, 1790-98; there exists also a 'Zweite Auflage': Berlin 1799). Euchel has translated the original and until then obscure old Hebrew Book of prayers for German and Polish Jews. It contains prayers for all occasions and for all times of the day, including songs and psalms. After the prayers follows "Massecheth Aboth", in 6 parts, teaching the Jewish laws and the rules for a virtuous life. In the preface the publisher explains that the first edition of this excellent translation from the Hebrew is long since sold out. This and the fact that many Israelites, especially the women, do not have suficient knowledge of the Hebrew language, and that also many Christians visit the Synagoge, which by the graciousness of the Emperor was recently established at Vienna, convinced the publisher that the book will find a wide public. The book is printed in Gothic type, with the original titles also in Hebrew type.
Important for the history of the German Jews in the age of Emancipation.

Isaac Abraham Euchel (1756-1804) was a Hebrew author and founder of the 'Haskalah-movement'. He was born in Copenhagen. After his bar mitzvah he was sent, as a young prodigy, to Berlin, where he studied the Talmud . In 1776 he went to Hannover where he studied the 'chochmot', the worldly sciences. In 1778 Euchel changed to Königsberg , where he studied Oriental languages, education and philosophy at the University - the latter under Immanuel Kant . He became one of the foremost hebraists of his time. Kant thought of appointing him in May 1787 as professor of Oriental languages at the University, but he came to the conclusion that Euchel was unfit after all. In early 1782 Euchel founded, with other young scholars, in Königsberg, the 'Chevrat Dorshei Leshon Ever', the 'Society of the Friends of Hebrew Literature', and became one of the editors of the periodical Ha-Meassef (1783), the organ of the Biurists, where he published regularly. In 1792 he founded, with other young scholars, like Joseph Mendelssohn, E. Wolfssohn, and N. Oppenheimer, the 'Gesellschaft der Freunde' in Berlin, a society of mainly young Jews who wanted to think outside the bounds of strict orthodoxy.

Good copy, with old owner's ms. entry on first free endpaper: Salemon Landesman, Teplitz, 1830.- (Binding rubbed; sl. traces of use).
Isaac Euchel: der Kulturrevolutionär der jüdischen Aufklärung, ed. Marion Aptroot (Hannover 2010); David Friedländer, 'Isaac Euchel und die Gebete-Übersetzungen in ihrem bildungshistorischen Kontext', in: Chr. Schulte, Marion Aptroot, Andreas Kennecke (edd.), Isaac Euchel. Der Kulturrevolutionär der jüdischen Aufklärung (Hannover 2009).
  • Number: 1060817
  • Dealer: Robert Putman