2 First official Antwerp and Brussels pharmacopoeias 106


Description: First official Antwerp and Brussels pharmacopoeias
presented to St Bernard’s Abbey near Antwerp by the principal compiler

Pharmacia Antverpiensis Galeno-chymica.
Antwerp, Joris Willemsens I, 1660 [engraved title-page 1661]. With engraved title-page by Petrus van Caukercken after Abraham van Diepenbeeck
With: [JOCQUET, Joannes, and others]. [engraved title-page:] Pharmacopoeia Bruxellensis: ...
Brussels, Jan Mommaert II, 1641. With engraved title-page by Cornelius Galle the elder after Anthonis Sallaert. 2 editions in 1 volume. 4to. Brown calf (ca. 1700?).
€ 6,750
First (and in the case of Antwerp only) editions, in Latin, of the first and only official pharmacopoeias for Brussels and Antwerp, containing hundreds of medicinal recipes and throwing a great deal of light on 17th-century medical practice in the Low Countries. The Antwerp work's separate part with the title "Selectiora chymica" shows the rising importance of chemistry in the production of medicines. In 1624 the magistrates of Antwerp set up a Collegium Medicum, which did declare that medicines were to be prepared following Cordus until further notice. Brussels had begun to discuss plans to establish a Collegium Medicum already ca. 1605, but failed to do so. A 1636 plague gave city magistrates the impetus to compile a pharmacopoeia, however, and they commissioned four leading city physicians to compile the present Brussels pharmacopoeia, which appeared in 1641. In 1659 the Antwerp Collegium Medicum decided to produce their own official pharmacopoeia.
With a 5-line presentation inscription on the flyleaf from the principal compiler of the Antwerp pharmacopoeia, Michiel Boudewijns to St Bernard's Abbey in Hemiksem, south of Antwerp, undated, but clearly between 1661 and Boudewijn's death in 1681. With an occasional correction in an early hand, an inscription at the end of the Brussels work by Godefridus Bouvaert (1685-1770), and the bookplate of Oscar van Schoor (1873-1936) on pastedown. Second work browned with occasional small marginal tears or spots, but otherwise in very good condition. The binding is rubbed, with some mostly superficial cracks in the spine and hinges, but remains structurally sound. Two important pharmacopoeias with a remarkable provenance.
Daems & Vandewiele, Noord- en Zuidned. stedelijke pharmacopeeën, pp. 62-63 (5 copies) & 70-71 (7 copies); STCV 12879911 (5 copies incl. 1 defective) & 12879890 (4 copies, incl. 1 lacking title-page).
  • Number: 1739131
  • Dealer: Speculum Orbis Nauticum