2 BLANKAART, S./ Nieuw lichtende praktyk der medicynen 106


Description: By the man who introduced Cartenianism into medical science

Nieuw lichtende praktyk der medicynen, gesondeert op de gronden van de deftiigste autheuren deses tydts, en eigen ondervinding: Nevens de hedendaagsche Chymia; als ook de Nederlandsche Apothekers Winkel, rykelyk met inlandse genees-middelen voorsien.

Tweede Druk, Vermeerdert en verbetert. Amsterdam, Johannes ten Hoorn, 1680. 3 parts in 1 vol. 8vo. Contemp. vellum, with title in inkon spine. With engraved frontispiece with views on a sickroom with visiting physician, a chemist's atelier and a pharmacy, 4 full-page engraved plates with distilling apparatus, and 3 woodcuts in text. (16), 398, (6); (4), 99, (5); 46, (2) pp.

Second enlarged edition of these works by Steven Blankaart, physician at Amsterdam, who may be regarded as one of the most important Dutch physicians and medical authors. The first had appeared in 1678 and at least 6 editions followed till 1725. The book is dedicated to Ernst Casimir, stadtholder of Friesland, dated Amsterdam, 1 July 1680 and opens with a laudatory poem by Blankaart's colleague J. van Dueren. The added works are preceded by a half-title: 'De nieuwe hedeldaagsche stof-scheiding, ofte Chymia ...', and 'De nieuwe Nederlandsche Apothekers winkel ...'.

Steven Blankaart (1650-1704) was a Dutch physician, iatro-chemist, and entomologist, who worked on the same field as Jan Swammerdam. He collaborated with Maria Sibylla Merian on the publication of her work. Blankaart proved the existence of a capillary system, as had been suggested by Leonardo da Vinci , by spouting up bloodvessels, though he failed to realize the true significance of his findings. He is known for his development of injection techniques for this study and for writing the first Dutch book on child medicine, being one of the first to do research on children education and incontinence.
Steven was the son of Nicolaas Blankaart a professor in Greek and History in Steinfurt (1645-1650) and Middelburg (1650-1666). Steven started as an apprentice of an apothecary. In 1674 he moved to Amsterdam after becaming a doctor of Philosophy and Medicine at the University of Franeker.
Blankaart followed the principles established by René Descartes and was one the first physicians to be a scientist or empiricist.

Good copy of a rare work.- (Margins of first leaves a bit frayed, some spotting).
Bibl. Med. Neerl. I, p. 172; NNBW 4, col. 157; cf. Thijssen-Schoute p. 258 ff.; G.A. Lindeboom, Chapter 4: 'Bloei (1625-1700)', in: Geschiedenis van de medische wetenschap in Nederland (1972); Ferguson I, p. 109.
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