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2 APIANUS Petrus and Gemma FRISIUS. Cosmographia. 106

Description: Extensively illustrated classic of cosmography, geodesy, mensuration, perspective and optics

APIANUS (APIAN), Petrus and Gemma FRISIUS.
Cosmographia.

With a large woodcut on the title-page (with a terrestrial globe and other instruments); 4 printed paper volvelles with moving parts and a woodcut sun dial with a string attached to its centre; a folding woodcut cordiform mappa mundi (block size 19 x 27.5 cm) with letterpress text in the margins; well over 100 further woodcut illustrations, diagrams, maps, etc., in the text. Further with a woodcut arabesque tailpiece, numerous woodcut decorated initials (8 series?), a decoration built up from arabesque fleurons, and letterpress tables.



Antwerp, Jan Verwithagen (colophon printed by Verwithagen), 1574. 4to. Recased in 17th-century(?) limp sheepskin parchment, sewn on 3 wittawed thongs laced through the joints, with the title and author written in large textura lettering down the spine. With a large woodcut on the title-page (with a terrestrial globe and other instruments); 4 printed paper volvelles with moving parts and a woodcut sun dial with a string attached to its centre; a folding woodcut cordiform mappa mundi (block size 19 x 27.5 cm) with letterpress text in the margins; well over 100 further woodcut illustrations, diagrams, maps, etc., in the text. Further with a woodcut arabesque tailpiece, numerous woodcut decorated initials (8 series?), a decoration built up from arabesque fleurons, and letterpress tables. [2], 64, [2] ll. plus folding woodcut.

A great and influential work on cosmography, perspective and many related subjects, in the original Latin, being Gemma Frisius's extensively revised and expanded version of Petrus Apianus's account of cosmography, providing readable explanations and numerous clarifying woodcut illustrations. Apianus and Frisius discuss latitude and longitude and their determination, the earth's climatic zones, maps, surveying, triangulation, and give a brief description of the continents, including the New World. The illustrations include a folding cordiform mappa mundi (signed as quire I between H and K, but not included in the pagination, between pp. 30 and 31). The ingenious volvelles with their moving dials and pointers clearly illustrate the position and movement of celestial bodies.
Apianus (1495-1552) first published his Cosmographia in 1524, but it was Gemma Frisius's editions of 1529 (published at Antwerp under the title Cosmographicus) and later that proved most influential, going through dozens of editions in numerous languages in the course of the century. Verwithagen published editions beginning in 1561. He printed the present 1574 edition in three different issues with three different imprints for himself (as in the present copy), Christoffel Plantin and Jean Bellère, all with Verwithagen's colophon. The STCV mistakenly describes them as three "editions", though it gives the same STCV fingerprint for all three. There are two different settings (apparently two different printings rather than press corrections) of quire B, but we do not know whether particular printings of this quire correspond with particular issues. The present copy of the Verwithagen issue and the Madrid copy of the Plantin issue (Bibliotheca Digital Hispánica) show the different versions with the following differences, among others:
Asher copy of Verwithagen issue Madrid copy of Plantin issue
B1v, B2, B3v: numerous headings in roman same headings in italic
B1v (initial S): putto with sword & shield plant decoration
B3 (line ends): sphæ- … Æquinoctialê … calore| sphê- … Æquinoctialem … calo-|re
With a few small marginal tears, chips or excisions, one at the foot of the title-page very slightly affecting the border of the woodcut and one at the head of the title-page removing an old owner's inscription, and browned water stains at the foot throughout and at the head of the last 5 quires. Apianus and Frisius's classic Cosmographia in the 1574 Antwerp edition printed by Verwithagen for himself, Plantin and Bellère.
Adams A1284; Belg. Typ. 5087; Bib. Belg. A227; STCV 12915940; USTC 408135; cf. Van Ortroy, Frisius 28
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