Treaty of the Pyrenees, 1659, Bouttats, / Virtual Map Fair


Title: Treaty of the Pyrenees, 1659, Bouttats, anno 1670
PlaceAndYear: Anno 1670
Description: Treaty of the Pyrenees,1659, Bouttats, anno 1670

ÃŽle des Faisans (1659)
Title (and responsibility): Disegno dell' Isola della Conferenza nel Fiume Bidasoa / G. Bouttats fe:
Publication: [Wien] : [Hacque], [1670]

Pheasant Island (Spanish: Isla de los Faisanes, French: Île des Faisans, Basque: Konpantzia) is a river island in the Bidasoa river. The island is a condominium established by the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659, under joint sovereignty of Spain and France, and is administered by Irun (in Gipuzkoa, Spain) and Hendaye (in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France), which control the island for alternating periods of six months. The island has an area of 6,820 m² (nearly 2 acres) and has been artificially protected from the currents of the river.

In French, the island is also known as Île de l’hôpital and Île de la Conférence.

The most important historical event that took place on the island was the signing of the Treaty of the Pyrenees after a series of 24 conferences between Luis de Haro and Cardinal Mazarin in 1659 following the end of the Thirty Years' War. A monolith was built in the centre of the island to commemorate this event.
Physical description: 26,4x35,2 cm
ÃŽle des Faisans
The Treaty of the Pyrenees (Spanish: Tratado de los Pirineos, French: Traité des Pyrénées, Catalan: Tractat dels Pirineus) was signed to end the 1635 to 1659 war between France and Spain, a war that was initially a part of the wider Thirty Years' War. It was signed on Pheasant Island, a river island on the border between the two countries. The kings Louis XIV of France and Philip IV of Spain were represented by their chief ministers, Cardinal Mazarin and Don Luis de Haro, respectively.
  • Number: 1270155
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